The name Bollywood is a portmanteau of Bombay (present name Mumbai) and Hollywood, the centre of American film industry. 

May 1913 saw the release of the first epochal film in Indian Cinema, a silent and black & white film – Raja Harishchandra,  directed and produced by Dadasaheb Phalke also noted as Father of Indian Cinema.

 The landmark film of 1940s was ‘Kismet’ starring Ashok Kumar. It dealt with unconventional issues like unmarried pregnancy and the concept of antihero. If the earlier decades of 40s and 50s were the golden age, the next two decades brought in sweeping social changes that changed the way Indian film industry was working. The content of films, the characterization and the narrative style changed a lot.

 The advancement in sound technology, choreography and special effects paved the way to bring Indian Cinema onto a global platform like we see today.

‘I http://prairiespringswoodworking.com/cod.php want people to forget their misery. I want to take them into a dream world where there is no poverty, no beggars, where fate is kind and god us busy looking after his flock’.                                                                                                              -Manmohan Desai

Bollywood Director during 1970s

The word Bollywood in itself is an explaination of how hindi cinema is made, you will get the images of bollywood stars, impressive songs and storylines as well once the word bollywood comes in your mind, and your favourite movies too.  I am sure many of you must have wondered about the history of Indian Cinema. Most probably you’ve studied in some history book about the first film of India i.e. Raja Harishchandra and all but there’s a huge story to tell. Bollywood has grew to become one of the world’s most high number of films producer each year and they are financially well off and growing in a very fast pace.  Hindi film industry not only has good artists but a huge number of audience as well who love to come to the theatres to enjoy the movies and take a break from their busy life.  

                         The name Bollywood is a portmanteau of Bombay (present – Mumbai) and Hollywood, which is the centre of American film industry. But unlike Hollywood, Bollywood doesn’t exist as a physical place. Some people argue that it makes the industry look like a poor cousin to Hollywood. 

                   May 1913 saw the release of the first epochal film in Indian Cinema, a silent and black & white film – Raja Harishchandra,  directed and produced by Dadasaheb Phalke also noted as Father of Indian Cinema. Silent films were continued to create till 1931. On March 1931, the first talking Indian film was released ‘Alam Ara’ by Ardeshir Irani. It was during this time that film actors realise that activity could become a great way to make a comfortable living. Very soon songs and dance sequences emerged. This era is also known as musical era. The landmark film of 1940s was ‘Kismet’ starring Ashok Kumar. It dealt with unconventional issues like unmarried pregnancy and the concept of antihero. The music industry grew by leaps and bounds with lyricists and singers like SD Burman, Shankar Jaikishan, OP Nayyar, Madan Mohan, Salil Chaudhary and Naushad. 

                    If the earlier decades of 40s and 50s were the golden age, the next two decades brought in sweeping social changes that changed the way Indian film industry was working. The content of films, the characterization and the narrative style changed a lot. Indian cinema moved from black and white films to coloured films in this era only. The trend was to produce “masala” (spicy) films because of its entertainment value. In the late 60s and early 70s, romantic movies and action movies a starred actors like Rajesh Khanna, Dharmendra, Amitabh Bachchan and actresses like Sharmila Tagore, Mumtaz, Helen and Rekha. In mid 90s, romantic confections made way for gritty, violent films about gangsters and bandits.  

                      The advancement in sound technology, choreography and special effects paved the way to bring Indian Cinema onto a global platform like we see today. The 90s were a time when corporate world was slowly making headway into film industry as producers.  In the era of 90s, many genres started to grow and people also started taking more interest in them, namely horror, comedy, romantic-comedy, mystery, action-thriller. Slowly, in the present century, bollywood has started making its mark in the global platform and the films also showcase in the different countries’ film festivals. The opening up of the overseas market, more Bollywood releases abroad and the explosion of multiples in the big cities led led to wider box office success in India and abroad. With the recent success of film Slumdog Millionaire and the injection of foreign capital into the Indian film industry. Bollywood has become an intrinsic part of global film heritage. Our film industry has preferred films that appeal to all segments of the audiences and has resisted making films that target narrow audience. 

                 From the first silent film, Indian film industry aka Bollywood has come a very long way.